Annual inflation in Nigeria rose for the 11th straight month in July, the statistics office said on Monday, as the novel coronavirus pandemic took its toll on imports and logistics.
Inflation climbed to 12.82%, its highest level in more than two years, from 12.56% in June, the National Bureau of Statistics said.
Yields on Treasury bills and bonds have now fallen below inflation, a major stumbling block for the central bank’s push to attract foreign inflows to support the naira and boost the economy.
The central bank has weakened the currency twice this year, to absorb the impact of a sharp fall in crude prices, which have caused a steep decline in growth. The move has also added to inflation with dollar shortages disrupting imports.
An analyst at Lagos-based consultancy Financial Derivatives said a hike in petroleum prices and disruptions linked to the phased easing of the coronavirus lockdown are partly to be blamed for the rise in inflation.
Nigeria lifted an interstate travel restriction and allowed domestic flights to resume in July as airlines hiked fares to reflect social distancing rules and amid low demand.
A separate index for food, which accounts for the bulk of the inflation basket, showed a price increase of 15.48% from 15.18% in June. Food inflation has been in double digits for more than three years.
Africa’s top oil exporter faces economic hardship from the coronavirus outbreak. The government expects the economy to contract by as much as 8.9% this year.